Traveling with Children: How to Obtain US Passports for minors

  • Updated on 28 Aug 2023

It allows families to create lasting memories and explore new cultures together. However, before embarking on your journey, it is crucial to ensure that your child has a valid US passport. A passport not only serves as a form of identification but also allows your child to travel internationally. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of obtaining a US passport for your child, from application to completion.

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Overview of the US Passport Application Process for Children

The US passport application process for children follows a similar procedure to that of adults, but there are some key differences. To begin, you will need to gather the necessary documents and complete the application form. Next, you will need to visit an acceptance facility or passport agency to submit the application in person. Finally, you will need to wait for the passport to be processed and delivered. It is important to note that the timeline for processing a child's passport may be longer than that of an adult's, so it is advisable to start the process well in advance of your travel plans.


Documents Required for Obtaining a US Passport for Children

To obtain a US passport for your child, you will need to provide several documents as proof of identity and citizenship. These documents include:

  1. Proof of US Citizenship: This can be a certified birth certificate, a consular report of birth abroad, a certificate of citizenship, or a naturalization certificate.
  2. Proof of Parental Relationship: You will need to provide evidence of your relationship to the child, such as a birth certificate listing both parents' names, an adoption decree, or a court order establishing custody.
  3. Parental Consent: Both parents or legal guardians must provide consent for the child to obtain a passport. This can be done by appearing together at the acceptance facility or by submitting a notarized statement of consent from the absent parent.
  4. Passport Application Form: The DS-11 form must be completed for a child's passport application. This form can be filled out online or obtained in person at an acceptance facility.
  5. Passport Photos: Photos must meet specific requirements, such as a plain white background and a specific size.


Step-by-Step Guide to Filling out the US Passport Application for Children

Filling out the US passport application for children can seem daunting at first, but by following these step-by-step instructions, the process becomes much more manageable:

  1. Gather Required Documents: Collect all the necessary documents mentioned earlier, ensuring that they are up to date and in good condition.
  2. Complete the Application Form: Fill out the DS-11 form accurately and legibly, providing all the required information.
  3. Provide Parental Consent: If both parents or legal guardians are present, they must sign the application in the presence of the acceptance facility personnel. If one parent is absent, a notarized consent statement must be submitted.
  4. Submit the Application: Visit an acceptance facility or passport agency with all the required documents, including the application form, passport photos, and proof of identity and citizenship.
  5. Pay the Fees: Pay the applicable fees for the child's passport application. The fees vary depending on the age of the child and whether it is a new application or a renewal.
  6. Wait for Processing: The processing time for a child's passport application is typically longer than that of an adult's. It can take several weeks or even months, so it is important to apply well in advance of your travel plans.
  7. Receive the Passport: Once the application is processed, the passport will be mailed to the address provided on the application form.


Tips for Taking Passport Photos for Children

Taking passport photos for children can be challenging, but with these helpful tips, you can ensure that your child's photo meets all the requirements:

  1. Choose a Neutral Background: Select a plain white or off-white background for the photo to comply with the guidelines.
  2. Ensure Good Lighting: Make sure the lighting is even and there are no shadows on your child's face.
  3. Have a Neutral Facial Expression: Instruct your child to maintain a neutral expression with their mouth closed and eyes open.
  4. No Accessories or Head Coverings: Remove any accessories, such as hats or headbands, that may obscure your child's face.
  5. Follow the Size Guidelines: Make sure the photo meets the specified size requirements, usually 2x2 inches.


Understanding the Fees and Processing Times for Child Passport Applications

When applying for a child's US passport, it is essential to understand the associated fees and processing times. The fees for a child's passport application vary depending on the age of the child and whether it is a new application or a renewal. It is important to note that processing times can vary, especially during peak travel seasons. Therefore, it is advisable to apply well in advance of your travel dates to avoid any potential delays.


Special Considerations for Single Parents or Guardians Applying for a Child's Passport

If you are a single parent or guardian applying for a child's passport, there are additional requirements and considerations to keep in mind. In addition to providing the standard documents, you may be required to provide a court order establishing sole custody or a written consent form from the absent parent. It is important to consult the official guidelines or contact the passport agency for specific requirements in your situation. By being prepared and providing the necessary documentation, you can ensure a smooth passport application process.


Additional Requirements for International Travel with Children and US Passports

When traveling internationally with children and US passports, there are additional requirements to consider. Some countries have specific entry requirements for minors, such as consent letters from both parents or legal guardians. It is important to research the entry requirements for your destination country well in advance of your trip.


Common Mistakes to Avoid When Applying for a Child's US Passport

When applying for a child's US passport, there are some common mistakes that can delay the process or even result in the application being rejected. 

  1. Incomplete Application: Ensure that all sections of the application form are filled out accurately and completely.
  2. Improperly-Sized Photos: Follow the guidelines for passport photos to avoid rejection.
  3. Expired or Damaged Documents: Make sure all required documents are current, valid, and in good condition.
  4. Lack of Parental Consent: If one parent is absent, provide the necessary consent forms or court orders as required.
  5. Missed Deadlines: Apply well in advance of your travel plans to allow for processing times.


Conclusion and Final Tips for a Smooth Passport Application Process

Obtaining a US passport for your child is an important step in ensuring hassle-free international travel. By following the step-by-step guide provided in this article and being aware of the necessary documents, fees, and processing times, you can navigate the application process with ease. Remember to plan ahead, take accurate passport photos, and avoid common mistakes. With proper preparation, you can obtain a US passport for your child and embark on unforgettable adventures together. Bon voyage!

About This Author

Philip Diack is Founder and Managing Director of Passports and, a national passport and travel visa service with offices in Atlanta, Miami, Washington, DC, NYC, Denver and San Francisco.

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