Do you require a Canada Immigration Passport to enter the United States?



There must be a few questions on your mind if you're a Canadian citizen contemplating a brief trip to the United States of America. Those misunderstandings must involve a passport or visa. You can find the answers to all of your questions in this article.

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Do you need a passport if you are traveling to the US by flight:

Passports in good standing or a NEXUS card when leaving Canada are required of Canadian citizens traveling to the United States by flight. Please be aware that NEXUS card holders are not permitted to utilize the Global Entry kiosks while flying into the United States on flights that have not been previously cleared by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) in Canada. Instead, they must use the conventional inspection lanes.

Do you need a passport if you are traveling to the US by land or sea?

Visitors traveling by land and by sea including ferries taking them to Canada, such citizens may typically enter the United States for up to six months with the proper travel documentation. They must exhibit one of the documents indicated below. CBP will acknowledge:

  • Canadian ID card
  • Enhanced Identification Card/License Driver's
  • Enrolment cards for SENTRI.

Do Canadian children under 16 years old need a passport to travel to the US?

 Canadian citizens traveling by land or water from adjacent territory who are 15 years old or younger may provide either an original or a copy of their birth certificate or a Canadian Citizenship Card. Except when traveling as a member of an organization. Canadian citizens 16 years of age and older must have a current passport.

Conditions for a group of children traveling to Canada:

 Canadian citizen minors under the age of 19 who are traveling with a school, religious, social/cultural, or athletic organization by land or sea from a country within the contiguous United States have to present the following documents:

  • either a copy of the original birth certificate
  • A consular report of their birth abroad
  • A naturalization certificate or a Canadian citizenship card.
  • A written and signed declaration from the adult in charge of supervision, attesting that each participating kid has the agreement of their parents or legal guardians.

In order to enter the United States, Canadians who are Treaty Traders, family members, fiancés/fiancées, and lawful permanent residents of the United States including their children and spouses' children must have a visa.

Who is exempt from having a visa and passport?

Native Americans with at least 50% American Indian ancestry who are born in Canada do not need to have a visa or passport to enter the United States by land. To show the CBP officer, they must have their tribal identity card. An American Indian traveler will need to hold a passport if they are flying into the country of the United States.

 Unless they are nationals of a nation qualified for the Visa Program, residents of Canada who are landed immigrants typically require a passport and visa to enter the United States. The only requirement is that you have a current passport if you're traveling by land and are a citizen of a nation. In addition to this, if arriving by air or water, you must obtain advance authorization to travel through the Electronic System for Travel Authorization.

However, you need to provide proof of not being an intended immigrant:

It is always the applicant's responsibility to demonstrate that the Canadian national is not an intending immigrant. An intended immigrant is someone who wants to make the United States their principal residence. There is no set amount of time that Canadians must wait before returning to the United States after their trip. Still, if a CBP officer suspects that the person applying for entry is spending more time overall in the United States than in Canada, they may ask the applicant to provide evidence that they are not de facto residents of the United States. One approach to do this is to show that they have strong ties to their native country, for example by providing documentation of their employment or legal status.

Validity of passport:

Passports of citizens of Canada do not need to be valid for an additional six months after the scheduled departure date. Only the date of their anticipated departure must be listed on their passports.

About This Author

Philip Diack is Founder and Managing Director of Passports and Visas.com, a national passport and travel visa service with offices in Atlanta, Miami, Washington, DC, NYC, Denver and San Francisco.

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